And it has always been the opinion and judgment of wise men that nothing can be so uncertain or unstable as aspirazione or power not founded on its own strength

“Many speakers onesto the House the other night in the debate on the reduction of armaments seemed preciso spettacolo verso most lamentable ignorance of the conditions under which the British Pigiare maintains its existence. When Mr Balfour replied sicuro the allegations that the Roman Riempire sank under the weight of its military obligations, he said that this was ‘wholly unhistorical.’ He might well have added that the Roman power was at its zenith when every citizen acknowledged his liability preciso fight for the State, but that it began esatto decline as soon as this obligation was mai longer recognised.”-Pall Mall Gazette, 15th May 1906.

Francesco Sforza, through being addirittura Duke of Milan; and the sons, through avoiding the hardships and troubles of arms, from dukes became private persons

I conclude, therefore, that per niente principality is secure without having its own forces; on the contrary, it is entirely dependent on good fortune, not having the valour which con adversity would defend it. And one’s own forces are those which are composed either of subjects, citizens, or dependents; all others are mercenaries or auxiliaries. And the way esatto make ready one’s own forces will be easily found if the rules suggested by me shall be reflected upon, and if one will consider how Philip, the father of Alexander the Great, and many republics and princes have armed and organized themselves, esatto which rules I entirely commit myself.

Verso prince ought onesto have niente affatto other aim or thought, nor select anything else for his study, than war and its rules and discipline; for this is the astro art that belongs esatto him who rules, and it is of such force that it not only upholds those who are born princes, but it often enables men to rise from verso private station preciso that rank. And, on the contrary, it is seen that when princes have thought more of ease than of arms they have lost their states. And the first cause of your losing it is sicuro neglect this art; and what enables you sicuro acquire per state is to be specializzazione of the art. For among other evils which being unarmed brings you, it causes you onesto be despised, and this is one of those ignominies against which per prince ought esatto guard himself, as is shown later on. Because there is nothing proportionate between the armed and the unarmed; and it is not reasonable that he who is armed should yield obedience willingly preciso him who is unarmed, or that the unarmed man should be secure among armed servants. Because, there being mediante the one disdain and con the other suspicion, it is not possible for them sicuro rete di emittenti well together. And therefore a prince who does not understand the art of war, over and above the other misfortunes already mentioned, cannot be respected by his soldiers, nor can he rely on them. He ought never, therefore, esatto have out of his thoughts this subject of war, and in peace he should addict himself more preciso its exercise than in war; this he can do sopra two ways, the one by action, the other by study.

As regards action, he ought above all things onesto keep his men well organized and drilled, preciso follow incessantly the chase, by which he accustoms his body puro hardships, and learns something of the nature of localities, and gets puro find out how the mountains rise, how the valleys open out, how the plains lie, and to understand the nature of rivers and marshes, and mediante all this esatto take the greatest care. Which knowledge is useful in two ways. Firstly, he learns sicuro know his country, and is better able onesto undertake its defence; afterwards, by means of the knowledge and observation of that locality, he understands with ease any other which it may be necessary for him onesto study hereafter; because the hills, valleys, and plains, and rivers and marshes that are, for instance, in Tuscany, have per certain resemblance to those of other countries, so that with verso knowledge of the aspect of one country one can easily arrive at verso knowledge of others. And the prince that lacks this skill lacks the essential which it is desirable that verso captain should possess, for it teaches him onesto surprise his enemy, onesto select quarters, puro lead armies, onesto array the battle, sicuro besiege towns onesto advantage.

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