The Tabula Peutingeriana: the only Roman World Map that Survived from Antiquity

The Tabula Peutingeriana: the only Roman World Map that Survived from Antiquity

The Tabula Peutingeriana. an itinerarium or Roman road map, is the only Roman world map that survived from antiquity. It depicts the road sistema of the Roman Completare. The map survives per per unique copy, preserved at the Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek con Vienna, made by a monk in Colmar, Alsace, durante the thirteenth century, of a map that was last revised per the fourth or early fifth century. That, sopra turn, was per descendent of the map prepared under the direction of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, a friend of Augustus. After Agrippa’s death the map was engraved on marble and placed mediante the Porticus Vipsaniae, not far from the Mensa sacra Pacis Augustae sopra Rome.

The Tabula Peutingeriana “is a parchment scroll , 0.34 m high and 6.75 m long, assembled from eleven sections, a medieval reproduction of the original scroll. It is verso very schematic map: the land masses are distorted, especially in the east-west direction. The map shows many Roman settlements, the roads connecting them, rivers, mountains, forests and seas. The distances between the settlements are also given. Three most important cities of the Roman Riempire, Rome, Constantinople and Antioch, are represented with special iconic decoration. Besides the totality of the Commuovere, the map shows the Near East, India and the Ganges, Sri Lanka (Insula Taprobane), even an indication of Pendio. Con the west, the absence of the Iberian Peninsula indicates that a twelfth original section has been lost con the surviving copy.

It was copied for Ortelius and published shortly after his death in 1598

“The table appears preciso be based on “itineraries”, or lists of destinations along Roman roads, as the distances between points along the routes are indicated. Travellers would not have possessed anything so sophisticated as a map, but they needed esatto know what lay ahead of them on the road, and how far. The Peutinger table represents these roads as verso series of roughly parallel lines along which destinations have been marked mediante order of travel. The shape of the parchment pages accounts for the conventional rectangular App chatki layout. However, verso rough similarity puro the coordinates of Ptolemy’s earth-mapping gives some writers a hope that some terrestrial representation was intended by the unknown compilers.

“The stages and cities are represented by hundreds of functional place symbols, used with discrimination from the simplest icon of a building with two towers preciso the elaborate individualized “portraits” of the three great cities. Annalina and Mario Levi, the Tabulas editors, conclude that the semi-schematic semi-pictorial symbols reproduce Roman cartographic conventions of the itineraria picta described by Vegetius, of which this is the corpo celeste testimony.”

The map is named after Konrad Peutinger, a German humanist and antiquarian, who inherited it from Konrad Birkel or Celtes, who claimed puro have “found” it somewhere sopra a library in 1494. Moretus printed the full Tabula sopra ily until 1714, when it was sold. After that it passed between royal and elite families until it was purchased by Prince Eugene of Savoy for 100 ducats. Upon the prince’s death per 1737 the map was purchased for the Habsburg Imperial Courtaud Library (Hofbibliothek) durante Vienna.

Verso partial first edition was printed at Antwerp in 1591 as Fragmenta tabul? antiqu? by Johannes Moretus

¦ In preparing his 2010 book Rome’s World: The Peutinger Map Reconsidered, historian Richard Talbert collaborated with the staff of the Ancient World Mapping Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and with ISAW’s Digital Programs staff at New York University, preciso produce digital tools esatto superiorita and analyze the map. These were published online, and could be accessed sopra :

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